Weather extremes are notable from the hot and barren south to the cool hills of the north. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, urbanization). figure.Current population of Punjab province of Pakistan all detail of census. It was merged into a single province West Pakistan. The capital and largest city is Lahore which was the historical capital of the wider Punjab region. World Population > India Population Punjab Population Punjab is a state of India, located in norther part of India bordered by Jammu and Kashmir in the north, pakistan on the west, Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh on the west, Haryana and Rajasthan on the south. Wheat and cotton are the largest crops. The name of the Gandhāris is attested in the Rigveda (RV 1.126.7[39]) and in ancient inscriptions dating back to Achaemenid Persia. There are 48 departments in Punjab government. The Kushan Empire was a syncretic empire, formed by the Yuezhi, in the Bactrian territories in the early 1st century. Zilla Council. The hardest part of the summer is then over, but cooler weather does not come until late October. The primary cities of Gandhara were Puruṣapura (Peshawar), Takṣaśilā (Taxila), and Pushkalavati (Charsadda). There are only two daily newspapers published in Punjabi in the Central areas of Punjab. Multan (Punjab, Pakistan): 2.6 million. (born at Nankana Sahib). Sparse deserts can be found in southern Punjab near the border with Rajasthan and near the Sulaiman Range. Taxila University is one of the oldest known universities in the world and it was the chief learning centre in ancient India. The major and native language spoken in the Punjab is Punjabi (which is written in the Shahmukhi script - one of the oldest scripts used for writing Punjabi) and Punjabis comprise the largest ethnic group in the country. 1951; reprint 1989), Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency ..., Volume 1, Part 1-page-11, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, For a detailed account of the battle fought, see Chapter VI of, Mortimer, Edward, Faith and Power, (1982), p.68-70. In 326 BCE, Alexander the Great invaded the tip of Punjab near present-day Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, defeating King Porus. Oxfam, Nader Shah's invasion of the Mughal Empire, resolution calling for the establishment of Pakistan, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of cities in Punjab, Pakistan by population, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Government College University, Faisalabad, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif University of Agriculture, NFC Institute of Engineering and Technology, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif University of Engineering & Technology, Khawaja Fareed University of Engineering and Information Technology, National University of Computer & Emerging Sciences, Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Technology, "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab", "The pulse of Pakistan's growing fashion industry", ''Ancient Indian Education: Brahmanical and Buddhist, "PUNJAB GROWTH STRATEGY 2018 Accelerating Economic Growth and Improving Social Outcomes", "Northern Punjab, urban Sindh people more prosperous than rest of country: report", "Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List (Pakistan)", Some Aspects of Ancient Indian Culture: Sir WIlliam Meyers Lectures, 1938-39, "A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary with Transliteration, Accentuation, and Etymological Analysis Throughout", "Hobson-Jobson: A glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases, and of Kindred Terms, Etymological, Historical, Geographical and Discursive", "Soan River – witness to rise and fall of many civilisations". James Abbott, British officer and deputy commissioner at Hazara in 1851, described Mir Painda Khan as "a chief renowned on the border, a wild and energetic man who was never subjugated by the Sikhs". The "panj" means five and "aab" means water, its land of five waters referring to the rivers Jhelum, Chenab, Sutlej, Ravi and Beas. In 1818 Nawab Muzaffar Khan was killed by the Sikhs at the Battle of Multan after putting up stout resistance for many years. In 1823 Azim Khan took control of Peshawar and with support from Pashtun tribesmen faced off against the encroaching Khalsa army in the Battle of Nowshera. Kanishka was a great patron of the Buddhist faith; Buddhism spread to Central Asia and the Far East across Bactria and Sogdia, where his empire met the Han Empire of China. The history of the city stretches back so far into antiquity that its true origin story is … 1972, 1981, 1998, 2017 census. 1 June 2005. The Kushan period is considered the Golden Period of Gandhara. Talking about population, in order to check out the population of Punjab in 2018, we need to have a look at the population of the past 5 years. The Indo-Scythians ultimately established a kingdom in the northwest south Asia, based near Taxila, with two great Satraps, one in Mathura in the east, and one in Surastrene (Gujarat) in the southwest. Folk songs and dances of the Punjab reflect a wide range of moods: the rains, sowing and harvesting seasons. Gandhāra was an ancient kingdom situated in the northwestern region of Pakistan, in the Peshawar valley and Potohar plateau with its capital at Taxila in modern northwestern Pakistan. Pakistan: Administrative Division Contents: Provinces and Districts The population of the provinces, federal territories, districts and agencies of Pakistan by census years. Zusätzlich werden sie in zwei Gruppen geteilt. Notes: a. District at a glance Vehari. 6. One of its instructors was the Mauryan statesman and philosopher Chanakya. Temperature goes down as low as 40 °F (4 °C). The Chief Secretary in turn, reports to the Chief Minister. [7][8][9][10][11] In 326 BCE, Alexander the Great defeated King Porus at the Battle of the Hydaspes near Mong, Punjab. Pakistan - Pakistan - People: The area currently occupied by Pakistan has long been a route of military conquest and an entrepôt for peoples and cultures. The province of Punjab, the most populous province of Pakistan and the second-largest province by area, is divided into 36 districts and nine divisions. The main activities on these special occasions are confined to congregational prayers and rituals. This would change however in 1752, when Nader Shah's general Ahmad Shah Durrani who was ruler of the Durrani Afghans, defeated Mir Mannu, the last Mughal governor of Punjab. info)) is the maist populous province o Pakistan, wi approximately 56% o the kintra's tot population. 1998, 2017 census The use of Urdu and English as the near exclusive languages of broadcasting, the public sector, and formal education have led some to fear that Punjabi in Pakistan is being relegated to a low-status language and that it is being denied an environment where it can flourish. Sie gehören zur Gruppe der Biradaris. Despite past animosities, the rural masses in Punjab's farms continue to use the Hindu calendar for planting and harvesting. Barelvi's movement weakened after there was infighting with his Pashtun followers and in a major battle near the town of Balakot in 1831, Syed Ahmad Barelvi and Shah Ismail Shaheed with volunteer Muslims were defeated and killed by the Sikh Army. In the mid-fifteenth century, the religion of Sikhism was born. Punjab's region temperature ranges from −2° to 45 °C, but can reach 50 °C (122 °F) in summer and can touch down to −10 °C in winter. In August the oppressive heat is punctuated by the rainy season, referred to as barsat, which brings relief in its wake. [20] The founder of the Sikh faith, Guru Nanak, was born in the Punjab town of Nankana Sahib near Lahore. Administrative Subdivision. [citation needed], The Indo-Greek Kingdom or Graeco-Indian Kingdom was a Hellenistic kingdom covering most of the Punjab. The majority of Pakistani Punjabis are Sunni Muslim, with minorities that include Ahmadi Muslim, Shia Muslim, and Christians. Despite the lack of a coastline, Punjab is the most industrialised province of Pakistan;[13] its manufacturing industries produce textiles, sports goods, heavy machinery, electrical appliances, surgical instruments, vehicles, auto parts, metals, sugar mill plants, aircraft, cement, agricultural machinery, bicycles and rickshaws, floor coverings, and processed foods. Livestock and poultry production are also important. The national horse and cattle show at Lahore is the biggest festival where sports, exhibitions, and livestock competitions are held. He told the meeting that the provision of health cards to 45 percent population in Punjab would be completed by June 2021. Total Population. The ancient Hindu Katasraj temple and the Salt Range temples are regaining attention and are in need of repair. His armies then entered the rest of the region with a rule up to modern-day Sialkot, Pakistan. Update to date information about population of Pakistan in 2021. The federal government which has approved $250 million in funding to buy vaccines late last month decided to purchase 1.2 million doses from China’s Sinopharm. With Northern and Central Punjab facing much lower levels of poverty than Western and Southern Punjab. [citation needed], The Indo-Parthian Kingdom was ruled by the Gondopharid dynasty with its capital at Taxila, Punjab. The temple of Jandial, Taxila is usually interpreted as a Zoroastrian fire temple from the period of the Indo-Parthians. Lahore, Multan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Kashmir and other subahs (ex-Mughal provinces) on the south and eastern side of Peshawar were under Maratha rule for the most part. The Umayyad empire conquered Punjab in the 8th century CE. One such saint was Data Ganj Baksh, an 11th-century Iranian Sayyid mystic from Ghazni now buried at Data Darbar in Lahore. The other minorities include Ahmadiyya, Hindus, Sikhs, Parsis and Baháʼís. The earliest existing building in South Asia with enamelled tile-work is the tomb of Shah Yusuf Gardezi (1150 AD) at Multan. Alexander left Punjab in 326 B.C. However, Alexander had to encounter and reduce the tribes on the border of Punjab before entering the luxuriant plains. The province is home to several historical sites, including the Shalimar Gardens, the Lahore Fort, the Badshahi Mosque, the Rohtas Fort and the ruins of the ancient city of Harrapa. 2. The pictured wall of Lahore Fort is the last line in the tile-work in the entire world. In the 1950s there was tension between the eastern and western halves of Pakistan. Oxford University Press. La province est composée de nombreuses ethnies parlant différentes langues. In Punjab: Tehsils that were transferred to India where Muslims were in absolute majority : • Firozpur Jhirka (78.79% Muslims) • Zira - (65.26 % Muslims) , including the birthplace of the Kushan ruler Kanishka the Great ( )! 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