The Family History Library has compiled an index of persons who emigrated from or through Elsaß-Lothringen from 1817 to 1866. Probate Records of Relatives Who Stayed. Auswandererlisten des ehemaligenHerzogtums Braunschweig 1846-1871 (List of emigrants from the former Duchy of Braunschweig, 1846-1871). (FHL film 1,125,001.). Germans had to apply for permission to emigrate from most areas. The Family History Library has filmed the Le Havre commercial cargo vessel passenger lists for the years 1750 to 1886. Reprint. German Immigration to America in the Nineteenth Century: A Genealogist's Guide. Tübingen, Germany: Stumpp, 1973; reprint 1978. One Step Webpages by Stephen Morse Links to free and $ online passenger lists. The restrictions were implemented for political and military reasons. The original departure records for Hamburg are at the state archive [Staatserchiv] in Hamburg. Emigrants included political dissenters, Jews, and others who were uncomfortable with post World War I developments. German Genealogy Records. If you answered yes to those questions, then you need to know about the German Immigrants in American Church Records … (FHL book 974.8 B4pgp v. 26). Please note that published immigration lists are subject to errors and should be verified in original records. (FHL film 1,125,0027.). Genealogical Records: New York, 1675-1920; German and Swiss Settlers in America, 1700s-1800s Immigration Records; Immigrants to America, 1600’s-1800’s; Immigrants to Pennsylvania, 1600s-1800s; Immigration Records: Scottish Immigrants to North America, 1600s-1800s; Irish & British Immigrants … This wave of emigration was caused by economic hardships and religious persecutions after the Thirty Years' War. The Palatine Families of New York: A Study of the German Immigrants Who Arrived in Colonial New York in 1710. This contains surnames only. In Prussia a passport entailed a detailed description of a person. Camden, Maine, USA: Picton Press, 1992. The indexes are divided into five sections for various time periods or areas of Hessen, each in alphabetical order. Significant numbers of German emigrants can be found on every continent and in many countries around the world. Baltimore, Maryland, USA: Clearfield County, 1993. However, most German travel through Dutch ports was before 1820. New Orleans records are available for 1800-1945. Do you have German ancestors who lived in the Midwest? Cornelia Schrader-Muggenthaler used the Alsace Emigration Index, other emigration records, passenger lists, genealogies, genealogy periodicals, and newspaper articles to compile the following index: Schrader-Muggenthaler, Cornelia. Most importantly, these lists show each passenger’s hometown, and the lists are indexed. Introduction. The passenger lists themselves are alphabetical from 1850 to 1855. This information is available on www.ancestry.com. The Family History Library has emigration records or indexes for almost every German state and various German districts or cities. Salt Lake City, Utah, USA: Heritage International, 1983?. ISBN 0-9703748-0-1 Z1361.G37H35 2000 LH&G 2001335108 A useful guide to sources for German-American immigration. In order to research your ancestor in German records, you need to know the exact town of origin. Those in the second wave of migration (1820-1871) often settled in Ohio, Wisconsin, Indiana, Missouri, and Texas. Most emigrants left Germany during the following periods: 1683 to 1820. The largest wave arrived after the Revolutions of 1848, in which the 39 German states sought democracy and increased political freedoms. Some passenger lists between 1920 and 1939 survive. In some cases, government entities encouraged poor citizens to emigrate. Tracing Immigrant Origins gives more suggestions for finding your ancestor's place of origin. Call number 943.56 D2b v. 38-39. Most districts also have handwritten indexes for the mid-1800s. Asheville, N.C. : Money Tree Imprints, c2000. FamilySearch's German Historical Record Collections. Residents of Hamburg had to apply for a passport to emigrate. The alphabetical index gives the emigrant's name, age, occupation, place of origin, residence, destination, passport date, and source microfilm number. These are listed in the catalog under the particular state, province, or town in Germany where the records were made. You will also find many immigrants from countries other than Germany listed here. Printing the notice gave the newspaper readers plenty of time to put in a claim if they were owed money by the person leaving. Sometimes these notes include the year of emigration and names of those who went with the person. Where to look for hard-to-find German-speaking ancestors in Eastern Europe: index to 19,720 surnames in 13 books, with historical background on each. German Protestant records are listed here. Citizens were required to tell the police when they moved. Introduction: This is a list of indexes of passenger lists (also called immigration records or ship manifests) for ships that sailed to the United States from 1820 to the 1940s (and now into the 1950s), … They can be accessed at www.passengerlists.de. Citizenship and Immigration Services . German immigration boomed in the 19th century. Jahrhundert. History of German Immigration to America in the 1700's: The Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence was signed on July 4, 1776 and German Immigration to America … See also,U.S. The volumes which deal with emigration are V. 1, page 19 and 48, V. 2, page 103, V. 3, pages 9, 39, 73, 87, 102 V. 6-7, V. 9 pages 157, 417. Two Volumes. By the First World War 10% of South Australians were of German descent. Published Passenger Arrival Lists. Citizenship and Immigration … Hamburg. 1851 to 1929. Most German immigration to the United States occurred during the nineteenth century, but Germans began arriving as early as 1608, when they helped English settlers found Jamestown, Virginia. 2 Emigration had become more affordable while political and economic problems continued. (FHL book 944.38 W2s) This index has over 20,000 entries, mostly of 1817 to 1870 emigrants. Many of the names are from post-1820 published sources. (FHL book Ref 943.47 W22st.) Students who identified themselves by their matriculation papers were no longer to do so since 1820. The Family History Library has microfilm copies of the arrival records and indexes of this and other ports. By 1867 regular pass controls were eliminated, but it became mandatory to carry an official document while travelling. This 277,000-name, 23-microfiche index shows name, event year, birth date, emigration date, destination, and last known residence. They are in the Place Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under: RUSSIA, [PROVINCE], [TOWN] — CHURCH RECORDS. In many cases, the applications for passports and the supporting documentation have been preserved. After 1830 “Wanderbücher” became the norm of identification for journeymen who were part of the German Bund. Immigration after Irish independence is dealt with by the article Immigration to the United Kingdom since Irish independence.. Modern humans first arrived in Great Britain during the Palaeolithic era, but … There are efforts on the US as well as the German side to work together in tracing ancestors. This is the best article about German immagration to the U.S. in the late 1800's, I have located so far. Don’t Hesitate To Ask. This database contains the names of over 28,000 persons who left Baden between 1866 and 1911. The library has only the passenger lists of emigrants who sailed from Antwerp in 1855. By 1860, there were an … The historical immigration to Great Britain concerns the movement of people, cultural and ethnic groups into the island of Great Britain before Irish independence in 1922. German police began keeping records of each person's residence in the 1840s. The Family History Library has microfilmed the 276 volumes of the consistories' church record civil transcripts in the Russian State Historical Archives. They list the emigrant's birthplace, residence, assets, and indebtedness. The foreign office watched emigrants much more closely and placed them in designated areas. Emigrants with enough cash at hand were issued entry on the spot, thus also supporting the ship companies operating out of French harbors. Immigrant records available in the United States include the following: Passenger Arrival Lists. TheShipsList website, online since August 1999, will help you find your ancestors on ships' passenger lists.We also have immigration reports, newspaper records, shipwreck information, ship … Wills or testaments of relatives who stayed in Germany occasionally mention their relatives in foreign lands. Initially, twice as many Germans moved to this area as went to America. Netherlands. Salt Lake City, Utah, USA: Ancestry, 1986-. Available on: http://www.germanroots.com/emigration.html. This database is taken from US Customs and Immigration passenger ship records prior to World War I. Many of these emigrants were Protestants from Southwestern Germany, primarily the Rheinland, Westfalen, Hessen, Baden, Württemberg, and Elsaß-Lothringen. The execution of the passport laws was not evenly handled. Auswanderung aus dem Regierungsbezirk Münster, I. Teil: 1803-1850, America Emigrants from the District of Herford, Heimliche Auswanderung [Secret Emigration] aus 15 Orten (709 Personen), Geduldete Auswanderung [Permitted Emigration], Index to Emigrant Volumes By Dr. Heinz Marxkors: Series A and B, List of 19th Century Emigrants from Alstätte (Alstaette), Westphalia to Cincinnati and Ohio, Lippe Emigration Database - Emigration from Lippe to the USA, Emigrants from the Surrounding Area of Olpe, Westfalen, Germany to the United States of America, Mainz, Germany, Emigration Register, 1856-1877, MigraBase - Rheinland Emigration Database, Auswandererdatei des Stadtarchivs Koblenz, Emigration Irscher Bürger nach Nord Amerika (1856-1882), Emigrants from Pirmasens and the Surrounding Area, Emigration out of Schleswig-Holstein, 19th Century, Emigrants from Schleswig-Holstein to New Amsterdam (now New York) in 1636-1667, Rudolstadt State Archives: Emigration Database, Some 19th Century Emigrants from Sachsen-Coburg, Sachsen-Kronach and Sachsen-Meiningen, Auswanderungen aus dem Herzogtum Sachsen-Meiningen (Emigration from the Duchy of Saxony-Meiningen), Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt and Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Emigration Database, The Old Lutheran Emigration at the Middle of the 19th Century by Wilhelm Iwan, More German Genealogy Records and Databases, Emigration from Greven in Westphalia in the 19th century, Stemwede Emigrant Database (also see the next section), Emigration from Ostbevern to America, 1833-1899, Emigrants from the Former Counties of Büren and Paderborn in St. Libory, St. Clair County, Illinois, Auswanderer aus dem Ehemaligen Kirchspiel [Parish], im Ehemaligen Kreis [County], in der Ehemaligen Provinz Westfalen, Emigrants from Ostbevern to America, 1833-1899, American Immigrants from East Westphalia, 1840-1914, Emigrants from the Former Amt Damme, Oldenburg (Now Niedersachsen), Germany, Mainly to the United States, 1830-1849, Emigrants from Fellbach (Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany), 1735-1930, Emigrants from the West-German Fuerstenberg Territories (Baden and the Palatinate) to America and Central Europe 1712, 1737, 1787, Emigrants from the Principality of Hessen-Hanau, Germany, 1741-1767, Emigrants from Saxony (Grandduchy of Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach) to America, 1854, 1859, 19th-Century Emigration from Kreis Simmern (Hunsrueck), Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany to Brazil, England, Russian Poland, and USA. Church records, however, go back as far as the 15th century. Several sources may reveal where your ancestor came from. The most significant passenger departure lists for German emigrants are from the following ports: Bremen. Before Ellis Island was established as America’s main entry point for immigrants, many German passengers came through Castle Gardens–many from Pomerania. Records of German soldiers who served as British mercenaries in the American Revolution are described in Germany Military Records. German nationals and inhabitants from Austria, Hungary, and other Central European nations emigrated from the port of Bremen. Wars in Europe and America had slowed the arrival of immigrants for several decades starting in the 1770s, but by 1830 German immigration had increased more than tenfold. v, 100 p. ; 23 cm. Each state or city had its own laws regarding passports. Most German immigration to the United States occurred during the nineteenth century, but Germans began arriving as early as 1608, when they helped English settlers found Jamestown, Virginia. During the Napoleonic occupation identification laws were worked out and assimilated to the French model. On-going. Microfilms of passport protocols, 1851-1929 Authors: Hamburg (Hamburg). A List of Emigrants from England to America, 1682-1692, 1718-1759 Ancestry . Newspapers. The call number is 943.3 B2b. If you answered yes to those questions, then you need to know about the German Immigrants in American Church Records (GIACR) series. Auswanderung aus dem Regierungsbezirk Minden. Although German immigration traditionally dates from the 1680s, the first major German immigrant group was the 1709 refugees who were permitted to settle upstate New York and work for the British harvesting naval supplies. Such cards were also issued in the kingdom of Saxony, Anhalt–Dessau, Anhalt-Köthen and the Prussian provinces of Brandenburg, Sachsen and Silesia as well as for the district of Stettin. Ship passenger records for various decades may also be found at GermanImmigrants1850s.com, GermanImmigrants1860s.com, GermanImmigrants1870s.com, GermanImmigrants1880s.com, GermanImmigrants1890s.com. To trace German origins in Pennsylvania can be a daunting task. Then head to the library (and brush up on your deutsch—resources from Germany will, of course, be in German).Private nobility records … The 1920 United States census sometimes lists the province or city of birth for people (or their parents) born in Germany. A partial bibliography of German emigration sources is in Smith's Encyclopedia of German-American Genealogical Research, pages 207 to 232. The Emigration from Germany to Russia in the Years 1763-1862. The top six states for German population are: Illinois, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Iowa and Minnesota. More than 1,600 of these lists are indexed in P. William Filby, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 12+ Volumes. Most Württemberg records consist of applications and accompanying documents that were collected by district offices. The Hamburg Passenger List indexes are being put online. This year is only a small percentage of the total. (FHL book 943 H22b.) This section discusses the following subjects: Once you have traced your family back to a German immigrant, you must find the city or town your ancestor came from if you wish to find earlier generations. In 1865 it was determined that requirement to carry a passport between Bavaria, Hannover, Saxony and Wuerttemberg was no longer necessary. See the United States Research Outline for more information about emigration and immigration records of the United States. Check the Place Search of the catalog under: GERMANY, [STATE] - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION, GERMANY, [STATE], [TOWN] EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION. Antwerp. For details on how to contact these societies (to learn if they have an emigration index), see Germany Societies. People of higher social standing were issued a so called “Signalement”, meaning that they did not have to be subjected to scrutinizing measures by the police. (Detroit, Michigan, USA: Gale Research, 1981-; FHL book Ref 973 W33p). (FHL book 943 W2we. The ABCs of German-American migration : annotated guide to German-American migration records / by Charles R. Haller. USA (1,111,225) > Massachusetts (39,382) > Massachusetts Immigration Records (203) Statewide Immigration Records. Citizens now needed a passport if they wanted to leave their “Departement”. Most of the time this information is found in U.S. sources. The following source is a card index for emigrants that have been listed in the periodical Deutsches Familienarchiv (German Families Archive): Emigrants to and from Germany from the 18th to the 20th Century. More Americans claim to be descendants of German immigrants than those of any other ethnic group. To learn more about these records, see the research outline for the country where your ancestor settled and the research outline Tracing Immigrant Origins. Documents issued by guilds were only valuable in connection with an official passport until “Wanderbücher” were issued, similar to the French “livret d’ouvrier” in which travel routes and work related certificates were documented. The eastern and central areas were settled mostly by citizens of the German states of central Europe and by people of German heritage who had first migrated to the British colonies or to the United States. For example, the Family History Library has microfilmed card indexes for emigrants from Hessen. The film numbers are listed in the Place Search of the catalog under: FRANCE, SEINE-MARITIME, LE HAVRE BUSINESS. Records of immigrants arriving at Canadian land and seaports from January 1, 1936 onwards remain in the custody of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada. This page has been viewed 98,570 times (0 via redirect). Were they Protestants? Zarnowitz, West Prussia Genealogy Records 1800s. Includes index. The port of Bremen was a major point of embarkation for emigrations during the 19th and 20th centuries. Salt Lake City, Utah, USA: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1976. Often the local pastor or priest noted peoples' departures in the parish registers next to birth or marriage entries. Then head to the library (and brush up on your deutsch—resources from Germany will, of course, be in German).Private nobility records are generally kept at the ancestral castle by a family member or an honorary (ehrenamtlich), unpaid part-time archivist.You’ll find a good list of these archives in the set … Overview of German Immigration More persons immigrated to the United States from Germany than from any other county in the world. Three Volumes. Description Data files relating to the immigration of Germans to the United States for arrivals 1850-1897. Another factor was that not enough officers were available to enforce emigration-immigration/migration laws which account for the many secret emigrations from German territories. The Family History Library has copies of passenger lists for the port of Rotterdam. Document controls could occur in the street, the next big town or at the first overnight stay. The Alsace Emigration Book. During the third wave (1871-1914), many German immigrants settled in New York City, Chicago, St. Louis, or other large cities. Records of German Emigrants in Their Destination Countries, Ⓒ 2020 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved. The Württemberg emigration records are a unique collection of papers and documents on applicants who filed for permission to emigrate from Germany during the nineteenth century. The immigration records held by the National Archives include an index with the German immigrants that entered New York between 1850 through 1897. It covered an immense plain with no natural boundaries, with a thinly scattered population of many ethnic groups, including the Poles themselves, Germans in the cities of West Prussia, … Wolfenbüttel, Germany: Braunschweigischer Geschichtsverein, 1971. Wilmington, Delaware, USA: Scholarly Resources, 1988-. Genealogical Records: New York, 1675-1920; German and Swiss Settlers in America, 1700s-1800s Immigration Records; Immigrants to America, 1600’s-1800’s; Immigrants to Pennsylvania, 1600s-1800s; Immigration Records: Scottish Immigrants to North America, 1600s-1800s; Irish & British Immigrants to America, 1870-1872 Vol. Germany has no nationwide index to these records. If they move they must tell the local police that they are moving and give the new address. It is specifically about Wisconsin. (FamilySearch Catalog book Ref 949.3 W22h) The Library also has registers of foreign nationals residing in Antwerp prior to Emigration: Vreemdelingendossiers, 1840-1930; indexed. Only a few Germans emigrated from other European ports. The database has a few records from as early as 1823, but most of records are from 1832 to 1873. The following bibliography contains over 2,500 published lists of emigrants and immigrants: Filby, P. William. (FHL films 1,340,0625, 1,197,320-23, 1,197,492-7.). There are 31 collections on Ancestry.com that pertain specifically to German immigration records in a mixture of English and German languages. (FHL book Ref973 W2ger.). Colonies developed in what later became Hungary, Romania, and Yugoslavia. (FHL book 974.8 F2st 1966; 1934 edition on films 1,035,683 item 5 and 1,321,373 item 3; fiche 6,057,507-9.) Thus, a process was set in motion which made German immigrants unique among all the major immigrant groups, and which was further fuelled by the Second World War – the almost complete erosion of their original identity. Between 1820 and 1996 the largest ethnic groups were, in order, … Most Württemberg records consist of applications and accompanying documents that were collected by district offices. Between 1915 and 1935, over 97 000 German speaking peoples arrived in Canada from Germany, the Soviet Union, Poland, and Czechoslovakia. It is also listed as: France. Immigration records, more popularly known as "ship passenger arrival records," may … If your family tree has German immigrants, include American church records in your genealogy research efforts. Kartei der im Ausland lebenden Deutschen, 1940-1945 (Index of Germans in foreign countries, 1940-1945). Thus, a process was set in motion which made German immigrants unique among all the major immigrant … “By 1917 these immigrants who came to Cincinnati or St. Louis or Milwaukee or New York or Baltimore were fully integrated into American society,” says Richard E. Schade, a German … Immigration Online Genealogy Records and U.S. Naturalization Online Genealogy Records. The film numbers are in the Place Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under: DENMARK, KØBENHAVN, KØBENHAVN EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION. However, the proportion doing so was tiny up to 1914. These records are discussed further in Germany Population. Many of the individuals listed were internal migrants who came from another part of Württemberg and remained in Württemberg. Statistics say that at times 90% of the population in some areas of East Prussia emigrated without official consent. Alsace Emigration Books. Helpful websites for 19th Century German Emigration. (FHL book 974.7 D2j.). Passport guidelines were established in France in 1792 to control migrations. Six published volumes of indexes are available, which so far cover 35 of the 64 districts: Schenk, Trudy, and Ruth Froelke. Records were created when individuals emigrated from Germany. The arrival records for many German immigrants to the United States are partially indexed. Salt Lake City, Utah, USA: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1988. Philadelphia was a major center for trade in the early 1800s and remained an important port … Zarnowitz, West Prussia Genealogy Records 1800s. These sources may be passenger lists, permissions to emigrate, or records of passports issued. For more information, see Germany Probate Records. … Newspaper Announcements. A service provided by, U.S. Immigration Online Genealogy Records, U.S. Naturalization Online Genealogy Records, Deutsche Auswanderer-Datenbank (German Emigrants Database), Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild (Outgoing passengers), UK, Selected Records Relating to Kindertransport (USHMM), Palestine, Illegal Immigration from German-Occupied Europe, 1938-1945 (USHMM), Helpful websites for 19th Century German Emigration, Microfilms of passport protocols, 1851-1929. This index usually gives the emigrant's hometown and destination. Dozens of German colonies were established and grew until World War I. Germans were the largest immigrant group to settle in Wisconsin in the 19th century. See: For most years, the index is handwritten in gothic script and alphabetized only by the first letter of the surname. Uninterrupted travel and legal documentation for members belonging to fringe groups and agitators. 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